Ladner & Associates, PC

A law firm of Customs, Export and Anticorruption Compliance Attorneys specializing in providing solutions to import, export and global anticorruption problems.


AAA American Arbitration Association
AAB Arab-African Bank
AAEI American Association of Exporters and Importers
AAPA American Association of Port Authorities
AAR Against All Risks (insurance)
AB Aktiebolag (company limited by shares)
ABC Activity-Based Costing
ABEDA Arab Bank of Economic Development in Africa
ABI Automated Broker Interface
ABI American Business initiative
A/C Account Current
ACC Arab Cooperation Council
ACDA Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
ACE Agrupamento Complementar de Empresas
ACE Automated Commercial Environment
ACEP Advisory Committee on Export Policy
ACH Automated Clearing House
ACI Advance Cargo Information
ACIEP Advisory Committee on International Economic Policy (State Dept.)
ACP African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
ACS Automated Commercial System
ACSI Americas Counter Smuggling Initiative
ACTA Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement
ACTIS Automated Commercial Trade Interface Systems
ACTPN Advisory Committee on Trade Policy and Negotiations
a/d After date
AD Akizionerno Drouzestvo
AD Anti-Dumping
ADB Asian Development Bank
ADE Authorized Data Extract (part of ACE) (formerly BDD)
ADF African Development Foundation
ADS Agent Distributor Service
Ad Val Ad Valorem
AE Anonymos Eteria
AECA Arms Export Control Act
AEIE Agrupamento Europeu de Interêsse Econômico
AEN Administrative Exception Note
AES Automated Export System
AESTIR Automated Export System Trade Interface Requirements
AEV Articles of Extraordinary Value
AfDB African Development Bank
AFESD Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
AFRA Average Freight Rate Assessment
AG Aktiengesellschaft
AG Andean Group
AG Australia Group
AGOA African Growth and Opportunity Act
AGVS Automated Guided Vehicle System
AGX Agricultural Export Connections
AID Agency for International Development
AIES Automated Information Exchange System
AII Automated Invoice Interface
AIMS Agriculture Information and Marketing Service
AIS Automatic Identification System
AIT American Institute in Taiwan
AL Arab League
ALADI Asociación Latinoamericana de Integración
AMB Ambassador
AMS Agricultural Marketing Service (USDA)
AMS Automated Manifest System (Air or Sea)
ANPR Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (a branch of the USDA)
APIS Advance Passenger Information System
AQI Agricultural Quarantine Inspection
ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
AST ACE Support Team
ASTM American Society for Testing Materials
ATDI Advance Trade Data Initiative
ATF Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
ATPA Andean Trade Preference Act
ATPDEA Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act
ATRI American Transportation Research Institute
ATS Automated Targeting System
ATV All Terrain Vehicles
BD Broker Download Chapter of CATAIR
BDC Beneficiary Developing Country
BDD Bulk Data Download
BFTA Bahrain Free Trade Agreement
BIS Bureau of Industry and Security
BL Bill of Lading (B/L)
BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics
BRASS Border Release Advanced Screening and Selectivity
BSE bovine spongiform encephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease)
BTA Bio-Terrorism Act
BTS Border & Transportation Security
BTS Bureau of Transportation Statistics
CAFC U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit 
CAFES Customs Automated Forms Entry System
CAFRA Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform Act of 2000
CAFTA-DR Central American Free Trade Agreement - Dominican Republic
CAMIR Customs Automated Manifest Interface Requirements
CAMIR-Air Customs Automated Manifest Interface Requirements for Air
CATAIR Customs and Trade Automated Interface Requirements
CBERA Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act
CBP U.S. Customs and Border Protection
CBSA Canada Border Services Agency
CBTPA Caribbean Basis Trade Partnership Act
CCL Commerce Control List 
CCSF Certified Cargo Screening Facility
CCSP Certified Cargo Screening Program 
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDSOA Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act of 2000 (Byrd Amendment).
CDTA Clean Diamond Trade Act 
CEBB CBP electronic bulletin board 
CEFTA Central European Free Trade Agreement
CEPA Closer Economic Partnership Agreement
CERTS Cargo Enforcement Reporting and Tracking System 
CFIA Canadian Food Inspection Agency
CFSAN Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
CGMP Current Good Manufacturing Practice (FDA)
CIT Court of International Trade
CITA Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements
CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (of Wild Fauna and Flora)
CITT Canadian International Trade Tribunal
CM Compliance Measurement Program (CBP)
CNL Competitive Need Limitations (GSP)
CNL competitive need limitation
COAC Commercial Operations Advisory Committee
CPG Compliance Policy Guide
CPSA Consumer Product Safety Act 
CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission
CPSIA Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 
CQE Certificate of Quota Eligibility 
CROSS Customs Rulings Online Search System
CSD Container Security Device
CSI Container Security Initiative
CSLC Customs Standard Life Cycle 
CSMS Cargo Systems Messaging Service
CTP Clean Truck Program
C-TPAT Custom-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism
CV Countervailing
CWCR Chemical Weapons Convention Regulations 
DDTC Directorate of Defense Trade Controls [State Dept.]
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration 
DEAC Deemed Export Advisory Committee
DES Designated Exam Site
DFAIT Department of Foreign Affairs & Int’l Trade
DFARS Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DLA Defense Logistics Agency
DNP Denied Party
DOC Department of Commerce 
DOD Department of Defense 
DOJ Department of Justice
DOL Department of Labor
DOT Department of Transportation
DSB WTO’s Dispute Settlement Body 
DSP Dispute Settlement Panel (WTO)
DTAG Defense Trade Advisory Group
DTOPS Decal and Transponder Online Procurement System
EAA Export Administration Act
EAC East Africa Community
EAR Export Administration Regulations
EBES Export Bid Entry System
ECCN Export Control Classification Numbers
ECHA European Chemicals Agency
ECN European Commission
EDI electronic data interchange
EDL Enhanced Driver's License
EDPS European Data Protection Supervisor
EEI Electronic Export Information filing
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EINEC European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances
EIP Electronic Invoice Processing with RLF
EIS Environmental Impact Statement
ELAIN Export License Application and Information Network
ELLIE Electronic License Entry system
e-Manifest electronic manifest
ENs Explanatory Notes
EO Executive Order
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EPZs Export Processing Zones
ERS Economic Research Service (USDA)
ESAR Entry, Summary, Accounts, Revenue (ACE)
EU European Union
FA Focused Assessment
FAA Federal Aviation Administration
FAQ Frequently Asked Question
FAS Foreign Agricultural Service (USDA)
FAST Free and Secure Trade Program
FBES Freight Bid Entry System
FCC Federal Communications Commission
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FD&C Act Federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act
FDI Foreign Direct Investment
FF Ocean Freight Forwarder
FFDCA Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
FHSA Federal Hazardous Substances Act
FIRMS Facilities Information and Resources Management Systems
FMC Federal Maritime Commission
FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
FMVSS Federal motor vehicle safety standard
FP&F Fines, Penalties, and Forfeitures
FPPI Foreign Principal Party in Interest
FRA Federal Railroad Administration
FROB Freight Remaining On Board
FSA Farm Service Agency
FSIS Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA)
FTA Free Trade Agreement
FTAA Free Trade Areas of the Americas
FTC Federal Trade Commission
FTD Foreign Trade Division (U.S. Census Bureau)
FTR Federal Trade Regulations
FTSR Foreign Trade Statistical Regulations
FTZ Foreign Trade Zone
FTZB Foreign Trade Zone Board
FWS Fish and Wildlife Service
FY Fiscal Year
GAO Government Accountability Office
GATS General Agreement on Trade in Services
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GIFs Great Idea Forms
GIPSA Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration
GPL grams per liter
GRASE Generally Recognized as Safe and Effective
GSA General Services Administration
GSP Generalized System of Preferences (A, A*, and A+)
GTX Global Trade Exchange
HHS Department of Health and Human Services
HKTDC Hong Kong Trade Development Council
HMF Harbor Maintenance Fee
HMR Hazardous Materials Regulations
HOPE Hemispheric Opportunity Through Partnership Encouragement Act
HTS Harmonized Tariff Schedule
IAFIS Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System
IASS Importer Activity Summary Statement
IBIS Interagency Border Inspection System
ICB International Carrier Bond
ICE U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
ICP Informed Compliance Publication
IDTU International Trade Data Users
IEEPA International Emergency Economic Powers Act
IEP Intermodal Equipment Providers
IFCBA International Federation of Customs Brokers Associations
IIPA International Intellectual Property Alliance
ILA International Longshoremen’s Association
ILO International Labor Organization
ILWU International Longshore & Warehouse Union
IML International Munitions List
IMO International Maritime Organization
IP Intellectual Property
IPPC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPPC International Plant Protection Convention [World Organization for Animal Health]
IPR Intellectual Property Rights
IRT International Registered Traveler
ISA Importer Self-Assessment
ISCO International Container Standards Organization
ISM Importer Self-Assessment program
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ISPM International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures
ISPS International Ship & Port Facility Security
ISSC Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference
ITA International Trade Administration
ITAC International Telecommunications Advisory Committee (State Dept.)
ITAR International Traffic in Arms
ITC International Trade Commission
ITDS International Trade Data System
IWG Interagency Working Group
JFTA Jordan Free Trade Agreement
LDBDC Least Developed Beneficiary Developing Countries
LPC License, Permits, and Certificate
LSP Logistics Service(s) Providers(s)
MARAD Maritime Administration
MB methyl bromide
MFTA Morocco Free Trade Agreement
MID Manufacturer Identification Code
MIRP Maritime Infrastructure Recovery Plan
MPETAC Materials Processing Equipment Technical Advisory Committee
MOFCOM Ministry of Commerce – People’s Republic of China
MPF Merchandise Processing Fee
MTA Miscellaneous Trade & Technical Corrections Act, 2004
MTB Miscellaneous Trade Bill
MTSA Maritime Transportation Security Act
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NAPPO North American Plant Protection Organization
NCAP National Customs Automation Program
NCBFAA National Customs Brokers and Forwarders Association of America
NCIC National Criminal Information Center
NCS National Commodity Specialist Division
NESOI Not Elsewhere Specified or Indicated
NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NII Non-Intrusive Inspection
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NME non-market economy [countries]
NMFS National Marine Fisheries Service
NNSA National Nuclear Security Administration (Dept. of Energy)
NOAA National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
NTC National Targeting Center
NVOCC non-vessel-operating common carrier
OASIS Operational and Administrative System for Import Support (FDA)
OEE Office of Export Enforcement
OFAC Office of Foreign Assets Control (Treasury Department)
OFM Office of Foreign Missions
OFO Office of Field Operations
OGA Other government Agency
OMB Office of Management and Budget
OR&R Office of Regulations and Rulings
OS Office of Seafood
OSC Operation Safe Commerce
OST Office of Strategic Trade
OT Office of International Trade
OTC Over The Counter
OTI Ocean Transportation Intermediary
PAPS Pre-Arrival Processing System
PD Presidential Directive
PDA Personal Digital Assistant
PGA Participating Government Agency(ies)
PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
PLC pre license check (export)
PNSI Prior Notice System Interface (FDA)
PNTR Permanent Normal Trade Relations
POA Port of Arrival
POE Port(s) of Entry
POV Privately Owned Vehicles
PSV post shipment verification (export)
PTI Priority Trade Issue
PVSA Passenger Vessel Services Act
QTP Qualified Trading Partner
REACH Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals to better protect human health and the environment from the hazards of chemicals (EU)
RET Routed Export Transaction
RFID radio frequency identification
RI registered importer
RLF Remote Location Filing
RPM Radiation Portal Monitor
RSPA Research & Special Programs Administration
RVC Regional Value Content
SAFE Port Act "Security and Accountability for Every Port Act of 2006"
SAFETEA-LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible and Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users
SBA Small Business Administration
SCAC Standard Carrier Alpha Code
SCC Shipping Coordinating Committee
SDN Specially Designated Nationals
SDS Standard Data Set
SECURE Standards to be Employed by Customs for Uniform Rights Enforcement(IPR)
SED Shipper’s Export Declaration
SEIS supplemental environmental impact statement
SENTRI Secure Electronic Network for Travelers Rapid Inspection
SES Secure Exports Scheme
SEVIS Student and Exchange Visitor Information System
SF Security Filing (10+2 proposal)
SFI Secure Freight Initiative
SFTA Singapore Free Trade Agreement
SLA U.S. - Canada Softwood Lumber Agreement
SME Square Meters Equivalent
SME Significant Military Equipment
SNAP Simplified Network Application Process (Export license applications)
SNAP-R Simplified Network Application Process - Redesign
SOLAS Safety of Life at Sea Convention
SOR System of Record
SSP Security and Prosperity Partnership
STOP Strategy Targeting Organized Piracy
STP Secure Trade Partnership
SWPM Solid Wood Packing Material
T/IM temporary/interim manufacturing
TCR Tariff Classification Rule
TECS Treasury Enforcement Communications System
TIFA Trade & Investment Framework Agreement
TPA Trade Promotion Agreement (Interchangeable with FTA) ("Fast Track")
TPL(s) tariff preference level(s)
TPVT Textile Production Verification Team
TRB Transportation Research Board
TRQ Tariff Rate Quotas
TSA Transportation Security Administration
TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act
TSN Trade Supply Network
TSN Trade Support Network
TTB Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau
TWIC Transportation Worker Identification Credential
UAFTA Australia Free Trade Agreement
UAS Unmanned Aircraft System
UCFTA Chile Free Trade Agreement
UDOC unscheduled discrete organic chemical
UN United Nations
URTM User Requirement Tracking Matrix
USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
USA-ITA U.S. Association of Importers of Textiles and Apparel
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
USML U.S. Munitions List
USPPI U.S. Principal Party in Interest
USPS U.S. Postal Service
USPTO U.S. Patents & Trademark Office
USTDA U.S. Trade and Development Agency
USTR U.S. Trade Representative
USVISIT U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology
US-VISIT United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator
VEU Validated End User
VISA Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement
VOCC Vessel Operating Common Carriers
VPN Virtual Private Network
VWP Visa Waiver program
WCO World Customs Organization
WEF World Economic Forum
WHO World Health Organization
WHTI Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WMD Weapons of Mass Destruction
WPM Wood Packaging Material (solid)
WSC World Shipping Council
WTO World Trade Organization

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